This was all before the Great Depression and World War II happened, mind you. Athens has a large financial sector, and its port Piraeus is both the largest passenger port in Europe, and the second largest in the world. Do you question the accuracy of a fact you just read? Athens re-emerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek State. Allegedly, Koukidis was ordered by the Germans to take the Greek flag down, hand it over, and raise the Nazi flag in its place. Many famous figures have been born in Athens, though the ones that most people tend to remember were born and died before the Middle Ages even happened. Idiocracy. One reason for the lower ratio of deaths in Athens was because the Jewish population had integrated so well amongst the Orthodox Christians that outsiders found it very difficult to locate them. According to the legends and mythology, the city of Athens was named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, among other things. Students barricaded themselves in the university and launched a radio station which reached out to Athens with their messages and their cause. But Athens then was ruled by their own people. If you like the video don't forget to thumbs up and subscribe ! Christine Tran. However, things were just starting to get ugly for them. Athens, Ohio, in Athens county, is 64 miles SE of Columbus, Ohio. The anarchists’ reaction was explosive, to say the least, and the police ended up cracking down even harder on the anarchist movement. Greek Goddess of Wisdom and War. History. In addition to the Olympic Games, Athens also hosted the 2011 Special Olympics Summer Games. Known as the Acropolis, it overlooks the old Theatre of Dionysus, which could hold up to 17,000 people. It is generally believed that the city was named after the goddess of wisdom, Athena. After the Second World War, you’d think that the Greeks would have had enough of bloodshed and misery. Rooms. Prêt(e) à découvrir mes « fun facts » sur Athènes? According to the BBC, the workers hired to construct the buildings in Athens for the games were mostly from eastern Europe and southern Asia. Being the first Olympic Games in a long time, things were also more modest; only 14 nations, mostly from Europe, participated in the games. After the Second World War, you’d think that the Greeks would have had enough of bloodshed and misery. In the 1970s, the air pollution in and around Athens was so bad that it was doing great damage to the ancient ruins of the Parthenon on the Acropolis. During this time it grew from a small fishing village to the most important city in the ancient world. Athens hosted the first modern Olympic games in 1896 and then hosted them again in 2004. Athens is statistically one of the lowest ranking capital cities when it comes to violent crime. Believe it or not, Athens has a notable position in the world of basketball. The city is home to a total of 17 Foreign Archaeological Institutes. The democratic Athenians still kept slaves, just like the rest of the Greek city-states. One of the attendants whose night was interrupted was the far-right French politician Jean-Marie Le Pen, who some of you may know as the guy whose daughter was trying to become the leader of France in their last election in 2017. After the Turks drove the Greek army and their allies out of Asia Minor, there was a massive population exchange. Despite the horror which came out of the invasion of Greece in World War II, one story of heroism which emerged was that of the Greek soldier known as Konstantinos Koukidis. Although Athenian Democracy has been hailed as a monumental event in the history of government and politics, there were many who criticized the way democracy used to be set up. He himself was taken in by the EAM-ELAS, which saved hundreds of Jewish lives, on top of the thousands which Barzilai’s initial actions likely saved. Surprisingly, despite Athens being the main urban center of Greece, a relatively high percentage of their Jewish population—about half—was saved from the Holocaust. Here are 42 astounding facts about Athens, the city that the poet John Milton called “the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence.”. Take…, Never underestimate the power of intuition. Let’s just…, The Truth Always Comes Out: Dark Family Secrets Exposed, Entrancing Facts About Madame de Pompadour, France's Most Powerful Mistress, Tragic Facts About Catherine of Aragon, Henry VIII’s First Wife, Scandalous Facts About Hollywood, The Seediest Town In America, Non-Americans Share Their Misconceptions About The USA, 43 Villainous Facts About Benedict Arnold, The Man Who Tried To Sell America. According to the legends and mythology, the city of Athens was named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, among other things. The theory was that with the British involvement, the USSR benefitted from doing nothing. She was Zeus’s favorite child. Given their history during the Ottoman Empire, we can’t be surprised that there was bad blood. Although the first Olympic Games ever held were located in Olympia in 776 BC, the first “modern” Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. Official language of Greece is Greek. Each bestowed a gift to the city and were judged on which was the better gift. Athens’ origins date back to 3,000 B.C. Because we all need a happy ending, both men survived the war and lived long enough to be honored for their heroism. This was a disastrous PR move for the British, who were already showing their anti-communist colors by advising the government and right-wing militias against EAM-ELAS. On the 17th of November, a tank crashed its way onto the university property and the two sides clashed. City Of Athens Facts 42. Financed by, among others, the Rockefeller Foundation, the Marshall Plan, and the Greek government, the work went on until 1960. In 2015, 240,000 people were asked by European Best Destination to vote on which European city was the best one to visit. Unlike other main Greek cities of old, like Thebes or Sparta, Athens was ideally placed to be a center of trade and travel. At least 24 people died during the fighting, including a five-year-old boy caught in the crossfire. City Of Athens Facts. Patra, Giannina and Chania. Construction on the massive Temple finally resumed, but things were stalled again when Antiochus died. Athens, like the rest of Greece, suffered terribly under the occupation of the Axis powers. This was all before the Great Depression and World War II happened, mind you. Our editors are instructed to fact check thoroughly, including finding at least three references for each fact. They finally returned to Athens in 2004. Son of renowned war hero Miltiades, who’d led Athenian forces to victory at the Battle of Marathon, Cimon earned renown for himself when he destroyed a large Persian fleet and army at the Battle of the Eurymedon. For anyone not keeping count, that’s over 600 years after the project began. When the serfs, or helots, staged a mass revolt in Sparta, it was Cimon who persuaded Athens to assist Sparta with troops as an olive branch—which ironically involved contributing to warfare. Catherine of Aragon is now infamous as King Henry VIII’s rejected queen—but few people know her even darker history. 11 facts / 123 reads / 0 votes. All this early settlement can be credited to Athens’ handy location near the water. Modern Athens was constructed after 1834, when it became the capital of a newly independent Greece. Because we all need a happy ending, both men survived the war and lived long enough to be honored for their heroism. ft. Get home facts, home value, real estate property … Greece was reeling from accusations of corruption in the government and infrastructure, it had been hit very hard by the 2008 economic crisis, and unemployment was skyrocketing as a result. By the end of 2008, the Greek riots had lasted over three weeks, causing untold damage in vandalism to buildings across Greece, but especially in Athens. Discover 42 hidden attractions, cool sights, and unusual things to do in Athens, Greece from Antikythera Mechanism to Pittaki Street. The most important cities in ancient Greek were Sparta and Athens. The area on which the city of Athens now stands is said to have been continuously inhabited for over 7,000 years. Between the years of 1985 and 1986, Athens was witness to a vicious battle between the police and various anarchist groups who were sick of corruption in their society, as well as presumably not being taken seriously. Koukidis obeyed the first part of the order, but then wrapped the Greek flag around his body and jumped from the Acropolis to his death. In both versions, however, Athena prevails with her gift of the olive tree. Below you can discover eleven curiosities that are real, even if they are weird or funny, so please make sure to vote what you think is interesting! German occupation of Greece was focused on the area around Athens, and they made sure everyone knew it by flying the Nazi flag over the Acropolis—definitely a low point for that monument. The sacred buildings on top of the Acropolis include the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, and the Propylaia, all of which date back to the 5th century BC. The most interesting facts about Athens If you are planning a Tour in Athens, it is very important to know some tips about this fabulous city. 0-17. Each bestowed a gift to the city and were judged on which was the better gift. Not only were they working without adequate supervision, they also lacked the kind of protective equipment that any self-respecting union would insist on having before they even looked at a building contract. Prior to the 1900s Athens population was more than 95% Greek. By the end of 2008, the Greek riots had lasted over three weeks, causing untold damage in vandalism to buildings across Greece, but especially in Athens. 258-63. Athens, Ohio. Koukidis obeyed the first part of the order, but then wrapped the Greek flag around his body and jumped from the Acropolis to his death. The Peloponnesian War resulted in the defeat of Athens by Sparta and its allies—helped in part by Persian finance. One of the main attractions in Athens is an ancient fortification on top of a hill in the middle of Athens. With Cimon out of the way, Athens and Sparta were a few steps closer to the huge Peloponnesian War. For such a spectacular tribute to Zeus, he really didn’t help the Athenians out when it came to actually building the damn thing! To the best of our ability, let’s picture a “Greek philosopher.”. As the most commanding mistress in the French court, she bettered the lives of many and became a beloved figure…. Interestingly, the Soviet Union did not support the left-wing factions, some of whom identified as Communist. On top of all that, two police officers in Athens found themselves facing off against a group of youths. The ancient Olympic games were never actually held there. They Say of the Acropolis Where the Parthenon Is… One of the main attractions in Athens is an ancient fortification on top of a hill in the middle of Athens. Greek Flag. On the 17th of November, a tank crashed its way onto the university property and the two sides clashed. I tried to get my ex-wife served with divorce papers. Factinate is a fact website that is dedicated to finding and sharing fun facts about science, history, animals, films, people, and much more. In fact, the nation has one of the highest numbers of international airports of any country in Europe. Here are some facts about Ancient Athens. Surely, a city this old has a more sinister side to its long life. The city is home to a total of 17 Foreign Archaeological Institutes. 1. P. Martinich. On top of all that, two police officers in Athens found themselves facing off against a group of youths. We’re always looking for your input! Most are aware of the heroic last stand of King Leonidas of Sparta and his 300 Spartans at Thermopylae—though they forget the thousands of Greeks who fought alongside them and the hundreds of said allies who were there for the last stand as well. We wish we could have been flies on the wall for that rejection notice. Since then, November 17 has become a holiday in Greece to honor those who died fighting against a brutal regime. It wasn’t until the victorious naval Battle of Salamis, followed by Plataea and Mycale, that the Persians were defeated and driven out of Greece. After the Turks drove the Greek army and their allies out of Asia Minor, there was a massive population exchange. Interesting Facts about Athens. The theory was that with the British involvement, the USSR benefitted from doing nothing. In the aftermath of World War I, the Greeks and Turks decided they weren’t done fighting. On November 14, students at the university launched another of many protests against the military regime ruling Greece. Over one million were forcibly removed and sent in either direction. Years later, I was using her phone when I made an utterly chilling discovery. One of the main attractions in Athens is an ancient fortification on top of a hill in the middle of Athens. Sadly, Indiana Jones has been unable to attend any of them. Introduction to Athens, Ohio. However, despite our best efforts, we sometimes miss the mark. Ironically, their ruthless measures to stomp out resistance only confirmed to the city of Athens that they needed to be overthrown. In the 1970s, the air pollution in and around Athens was so bad that it was doing great damage to the ancient ruins of the Parthenon on the Acropolis. In 2010, the two officers involved in the shooting were found guilty of their responsibility for Grigoropoulos’ death and were sentenced to imprisonment. However, it was a kinder, gentler domination than they were used to by then. An ancient city dating to between 7,000 and 5,000 B.C.E., Athens is considered the birthplace of Western civilization. To put its age into perspective: the first permanent settlement in the United States (St. Augustine, Florida) wasn’t founded until 1565! In other parts of Greece, an appalling 90% of Jews were killed by the Nazis. Athens was at the centre of an area known as Attica. Although Catherine's successor Queen Anne Boleyn suffered an infamously dark fate, Aragon's own life was somehow even more tragic. Please let us know if a fact we’ve published is inaccurate (or even if you just suspect it’s inaccurate) by reaching out to us at contribute@factinate.com. 42 Seriously Weird Facts About Ancient Greek Philosophers. Gate of athena archegetis Temple of Hefestion Athena in University history museum at Tholou str. The officers’ counsel, meanwhile, tried to defend his clients by claiming that the slain youth, despite his affluent upbringing, had displayed “deviant behavior”. Catherine of Aragon was King Henry VIII’s first wife and longest-lasting Queen of England. But is the city just resting on its laurels or is there more to Athens? 1 % Athens cradle of Western civilisation. This might be due to the fact that the number of tourists which visit Greece per year is greater than the entire Greek population! It has a large financial sector, and its port Piraeus is both the largest passenger port in Europe, and the second largest in the world. As a result, the Thirty Tyrants’ rule lasted a mere eight months before they were forced to abandon ship—an apt metaphor for Athens, we think. It was actually decried by people like Aristotle for being an example of how despots divert the attention the people they oppress with huge, overly gaudy building projects so that they’re too distracted or tired to rebel. Trop sexy pour mes pinces. But is the city just resting on its laurels or is there more to Athens? Dans le grec ancien, le mot «idiot» signifiait quiconque ne participait pas à la politique. Here are 42 astounding facts about Athens, the city that the poet John Milton called “the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence.” Unlike other main Greek cities of old, like Thebes or Sparta, Athens was ideally placed to be a center of trade and travel. Athens could scarcely have a day go by without a clash or riot breaking out somewhere, and things took an especially dark turn when the police shot and killed 15-year-old Michalis Kaltezas. Based on religious and ethnic identity, both nations uprooted the minority groups in their nations which had connected to the other, and sent them “home,” as it were—even if said people had never set foot in Turkey or Greece or didn’t even speak those nation’s languages. Since then, November 17 has become a holiday in Greece to honor those who died fighting against a brutal regime. The city center of Athens is only 15 sq miles or 39 sq kilometers. …that’s just over 1/3 of the population of London…. 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