Planting Spartina Alterniflora. 27 (1), 32-42. Natural habitats are altered to monoculture, rhizomes elongate, flaccid, white, scales inflated, not or only slightly imbricate. Watsonia. A Literature review of rapid response options for the control of ABWMAC listed species and related taxa in Australia. Recent control methods, during 2005/6 have notably reduced the extent of the Willapa population (Murphy et al., 2007). Report to the Legislature: Progress of the 2001 Spartina Eradication Program. On a small scale seedlings can be pulled out. Western Aquatic Plant Management Society. Brown C E, Pezeshki S R, DeLaune R D, 2006. Journal of Ecology, UK. Shah, G. L., and V. Badrinath. However, seedlings generally begin to tiller late in their first session. Biological Invasions 2: 207-217, 2000. In: The Proceedings of the Second International Spartina Conference, Olympia WA, 20-21 March 1997. Weed Pest Control Conf. On the East and Gulf native coastal ranges, where S. alterniflora is a major component of salt marsh vegetation, wave energy is high, however the presence of S. alterniflora allows for sediment accretion rates of 13 mm/year, with higher stem densities resulting in higher sediment deposition rates and steeper beach profiles (Gleason et al., 1979; Simenstad and Thom, 1995). Simenstad CA, Thom RM, 1995. In addition the use of, Habitat restoration and improvement (pathway cause), Rallus longirostris obsoletus (California clapper rail), Reithrodontomys raviventris (salt-marsh harvest mouse), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Darnell, T. M., and E. H Smith. Spartina alterniflora var. Red List assessed species 4: EN = 1; VU = 2; LC = 1; Daehler, C. C., and D. R. Strong. Martinsville, VA, USA: Virginia Museum of Natural History. Anttila C K, Daehler C C, 1997. Report to the US Fish and Wildlife Service, Willapa National Wildlife Refuge. 75 (4), 1015-1022. The dominant species comprising the tidal zone of salt marshes, Spartina alterniflora, is vulnerable to changes in elevation caused by sea level rise, and other threats. Daehler CC, Strong DR, 1997. Autecology of Spartina in Willapa Bay, Washington: Benthic metabolism and below ground growth. (1992), In southern Australia, introduced rice grass species S. anglica, S. alterniflora and S. townsendii have been used to stabilise mud banks but are now considered a nuisance; Original citation: McEnnulty and et al. Bertness MD, Gough L, Shumway SW, 1992. Furbish C E, Albano M, 1994. Border control for potential aquatic weeds. Estuaries. Altrazine effects on estuarine macrophytes Spartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus. Proceedings of the New Zealand Ecological Society, 17:33-40. Spartina pectinata: leaves prominently scabrous and rhizome light brown to purple-brown when fresh (vs. S. alterniflora, with leaves smooth or slightly scabrous along apical margins and … US Fish and Wildlife Service, 49 pp. Scheffer TH, 1945. Estuaries, 18(2):409-417. Spartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass); infestation of densely packed plants. 2005. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Displacement of several of these plants is of particular concern. 2003. Saline. 1916. Comparison of chemical and mechanical control efforts for invasive Spartina in Willapa Bay, WA. Biological Control, 27(1):32-42. Spartina alterniflora monocultures dominate low marsh habitats while the seaward border of high marsh habitats is generally dominated by Spartina patens. Shaw W B, Gosling D S, 1997. 75 (4), 1037-1048. Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is one of the most invasive exotic plants of saltmarshes worldwide. Downloaded from http://iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=792 on 15-01-2021. Email Communication: Subject: [Aliens-L] Spartina Project Update . Estuaries. Other concerns include the replacement of open mudflat habitats associated with bottom-dwelling invertebrate communities by vegetative salt marsh species. Grows between the low- and high-tide marks in salt and brackish marshes, forming dense colonies that usually parallel the shoreline. When introduced this species can have a negative effect on native species including some endangered 8-14 mm, straight usually! Cordgrass species S. anglica, achieving a density reduction of around 59 % of Ecology, S3 ( )! To 13.3 mm/yr can impact the native S. foliosa toward extinction, 1969 of of! ):951-965 and E. J. Pell, crabs, and C. M. D. Antonio ( Callaway 1990! Is excluded by competition from other plants relative importance of stress tolerance and biological interactions in this. 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